Welcome to EGREPA!
EGREPA is the European Group for Research into Elderly and Physical Activity.
At this meeting it was recognized that there was a need for an European international scientific organization which would deal with these concerns. Since that moment EGREPA has organized and collaborated in a series of events aimed at achieving its founding objectives.
EURAPA is an official publication of the European Group for Research into the Elderly and Physical Activity (EGREPA). It publishes scientific reviews and original contributions in relation to aging and physical activity for researchers and practitioners wishing to look beyond the borders of their specialization. The journal aims to provide an international forum for the advancement of our understanding of the relationships between aging and physical activity. Research approaches in the field of aging and physical activity emerge from several disciplines and the scope of EURAPA encompasses biomedical as well as behavioral sciences. It covers topics ranging from biochemistry, biomechanics, clinical sciences, ethics and philosophy, exercise science, genetics, geriatrics, gerontology, immunology, health, motor learning and motor control, orthopaedics, research methods, nutrition, physiology, psychology, and sociology. In addition to being a platform for established research groups, the journal invites novice researchers to submit reviews or original papers. EURAPA is a peer reviewed journal. http://www.eurapa.net
International Scientific Symposium In collaboration with the European Group for Research into Elderly and Physical Activity “THE 3-DIMENSIONAL EFFECT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN OLD AGE – PHYSICAL, MENTAL & EMOTIONAL” November 12-13th, 2015 Kaunas, Lithuania
You are cordially invited to the International Scientific Symposium which will focus on the latest trends in research on active and successful aging.
The aim of the Symposium is to bring together scientists who are interested in the field of physical activity, aging and health and to conduct an open dialogue that combines and connects research and practical issues in this field.
COGNITIVE AND EMOTIONAL FUNCTIONING IN ADVANCED AGE – THE EFFECT OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND PHYSICAL FITNESS
Prof. Dr. Yael Netz, Wingate College, Israel
Is Professor of Gerontology at the Wingate College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences where she developed and instituted a program for physical activity in old age. Her areas of research are: Physical fitness and cognitive functioning in old age; the psychological effect of a single training session on the elderly; physical activity patterns among the elderly and other age groups in the population; physical activity and psychological variables in adult and old age. Prof. Netz has recently been appointed President of the European Group for Research into Elderly and Physical Activity
AGING AND MOTOR INHIBITION: A CONVERGING PERSPECTIVE PROVIDED BY BRAIN STIMULATION AND IMAGING APPROACHES
Dr. Oron Levin, KU Leuven Movement Control and Neuroplasticity Research Centre, Belgium
Is a senior researcher at the KU Leuven Movement Control and Neuroplasticity Research Group and holds a PhD degree in Biomedical Engineering. His current research activities cover topics in movement neuroscience, aging, and developmental neuroscience. Within this framework he is interested in age-related changes in the function/structure of brain networks that support sensorimotor integration and inhibition. His work also examines the role of interventions with non-invasive brain stimulation techniques as therapeutic tools in neurodegenerative diseases as well as a means to affect performance and behavior. His current research focuses on the effects of healthy aging motor functions with special emphases on relationships between age-related declines in the ability to modulate inhibition and changes in structural and biochemical properties of the aging brain.
PHYSICAL ACTIVITY AND FITNESS COMPONENTS OF THE OLDER PEOPLE
Senior researcher Zoran Milanović, University of Niš, Serbia
Experience in working in the field of recreation, he gained as an assistant in teaching at the Faculty of Sport and Physical Education, University of Nis. He was also the coordinator of the "healthy lifestyle" which was supported by the Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Serbia as well as the "small courts, a great joy."
Also he is a member of the coaching staff of Serbian cadet football team, where he works as a fitness coach and analyst, then fitness trainer and analyst in the youth school FK "Radički" Niš and regional instructor Football Association of Serbia. Also, he has an UEFA "C" license and a certificate for analysts in sport - football issued by Middlesex University, London, England. Works as a scientific collaborator on the project financed by Ministry of Science and Technological Development titled "Physical activity and fitness components of the old men", project number OI179065.
So far he published more than 50 scientific papers in international journals, most of which were conducted on the topic of exercise and recreational soccer.
WHAT WE CAN LEARN FROM MEASURING DAILY LIFE ACTIVITY OF OLDER PERSONS
Prof. Dr. Wiebren Zijlstra, Cologne Sport University, Germany
Is professor and head of the Institute of Movement and Sport Gerontology at the German Sport University Cologne. He graduated in Human Movement Sciences and received a PhD at the Medical Faculty of the University of Groningen, the Netherlands. His research and teaching focus on physical activity and its relationships with physical and cognitive functioning in older people. Special interests include mobility, neuro-mechanical adaptability, and exercise based interventions to improve health span. His scientific work includes the development and application of sensor based methods to study and to improve physical activity and mobility patterns in daily life of older people.
Title of symposium:
Cognitive-motor performance as related to age, physical activity and physical fitness – process specific or processing speed?
Chairperson: Yael Netz
The EGREPA (European Group of Research into Elderly and Physical Activity) Symposium
Convenor(s) with affiliation(s):
Prof. Claudia Voelcker-Rehage - Jacobs University Bremen and Technische Universität Chemnitz, Germany
Prof. Soledad Ballesteros - Studies on Aging and Neurodegenerative Diseases Research Group,
Department of Basic Psychology II, Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Madrid, Spain
Aging is characterized by progressive deterioration in cognitive (Verhaeghen & Cerella, 2002) as well as motor functions (Seidler,et al. 2010). Two dominant theories explain the deficits in cognitive-motor functioning: the processing-speed hypothesis and the process-specific theory. The first views cognition as being driven by a processing rate, and supposes that the rate in older adults is less than in younger adults (Salthouse, 2000). The second distinguishes between tasks that involve executive control demands, such as inhibitory control, and other tasks in which these demands are negligible. This theory postulates an age-related deficit specific to particular executive processes (Mayr et al. 2001).
The effort to attenuate the cognitive decline associated with aging is consistently growing and a large pool of evidence has been generated linking physical activity or physical fitness to improved cognitive functions in older adults (e.g. Colcombe & Kramer, 2003). Nevertheless, there are quite a few unrevealed issues in the physical activity – fitness- cognition- and motor functioning relationship.
To explore various cognitive and motor functions in relation to age, physical activity and physical fitness. Specifically, to examine to what extent this link is process specific or reflects processing-rate. In addition, to examine the unique contribution of physical exercise software to enhance motor functions.
The first presentation of this symposium will examine whether the variable “age” generates different patterns of peripheral vision and of visuospatial attention tasks or on the contrary, young, older and very older participants perform the tasks similarly, differing primarily ]
in processing speed. The next three presentations will examine the relationship between physical activity and physical fitness to various motor and cognitive tasks. Reducing processing-speed as a result of “playing it safe” or deterioration in processing-specific tasks related to sensorimotor integration is the question to be raised in the second presentation. Focusing on motor control tasks - control of aiming and eye-hand coordination – the presentation will investigate whether older adults informing on sedentary lifestyle, are impaired to a greater extent compared to their peers who inform on physically active lifestyle, or whether the difference between the two groups stem from using different strategies in aiming behavior. The third presentation will elaborate on visuomotor tracking task requiring fine motor control. While controlling for cognitive decline, the study examines differences between high and low fitness groups of older adults on these tasks arguing that better performance on this task is attributed to physical fitness, rather than to physical activity. The fourth presentation will claim that the effect of a single aerobic session on cognitive functioning in middle-age is process specific, demonstrating that the aerobic session enhances response inhibition but not motor planning and eye-hand coordination. Further, it will argue that physical fitness is not a moderating variable of this effect. The concluding presentation will elaborate on physical exercise software based on motion tracking (exergame) that has a great potential for affecting spatial abilities, perceptual-motor performance, reaction time and balance in old age.
Authors and titles of single contributions:
- Speed of processing made the difference in very older sedentary adults
Soledad Ballesteros & Mónica Muiños
- Do sedentary older adults “play it safe”? Evidence from studies on manual aiming in active and sedentary older adults
Oron Levin, Florian Van Halewyck, Ann Lavrysen, Matthieu Boisgontier, Digby Elliott & Werner Helsen
- Does fitness level influence fine motor control in older adults?
Lena Hübner, Ben Godde & Claudia Voelcker-Rehage
- Acute aerobic activity enhances response inhibition for less than 30 min.
Yael Netz, Mona Abu-Rukun, Sharon Tsuk, Tzvi Dwolatzky, Raffi Carasso & Ayelet Dunsky
- Motivating environments based on motion tracking to promote physical activity among elderly (exergames)
Michael Brach, Oliver Korn, Klaus Hauer & Sven Unkauf